Contemporary Global Studies Exam 2005/06

CGS

Mr. Duell

Final Exam 0506  Matching 1 pt each 

a. multiple nuclei model              b. site                                       c. CBD

d. situation                                e. forward capital                      f. basic sector

g. non basic sector                    h. invasives                               i. primary activity

j. secondary activity                  k. tertiary activity                      l. WW Rostow

m. Carl Sauer                           n. sector model                        o. infrastructure

p. TNC’s                                 q. cash crops                            r. Dr. Khush

s. Thomas Malthus                    t. megalopolis                           u. megacities

v. Protestant                             w. Judaism                               x. caste system

y. Islam                                    z. secularism                             aa. Hinduism

bb. intrafaith conflict                  cc. interfaith conflict                  dd. CAFO’s

ee. genetically modified             ff. devolution                             gg. footloose

hh. Kansai airport                     ii. Specialized Economic Zones

jj. staple crops                          kk. globalization                        ll. agglomeration

____1. An economist who argued that each country went through five stages of development including takeoff and the stage of mass consumption.

_____2. The downtown sector of an urban area where most of the economic activity takes place.

_____3. An urban area that is built in the interior of a country to encourage inland migration and strengthen the countries claim to its territory.  Brasilia and
Abuja are examples.

_____4. The actual physical location of an urban area.  Bangkok’s is on a sinking river delta, Jakarta’s is on a coastal swamp and
Singapore’s is on a small island.

_____5. An urban area that is laid out in a random pattern rather than having its different areas (downtown, industry, residential, etc) showing a pattern like a pie or spiral.
Jakarta is an example.

_____6. A McDonald’s restaurant with an all vegetarian menu or one that did not sell beef or beef products would most likely be found in a country with a large population of what religion?

_____7. The fact that many stores remain open in the
United States on the religious holidays of Christmas and Easter shows that _____________ is becoming more common in American culture.

_____8. “The Rice Man”, a scientist who designed some very important GM rice.

_____9.  Islam, Christianity, and __________ share many common beliefs based on similar traditions and all originated in the part of the world that is commonly referred to as the Middle East but more accurately called
Southwest Asia 

_____10. The conflict in
Northern Ireland between Catholic and Protestant Christians is and example of an _______________.

_____11. Bosnywash is an example. It is when a group of metropolitan areas grow into each other to create one urban area.

_____12. The economic process dominating the world today in which certain businesses have branches and employers around the world and sell their products in many different countries. The fact that Manchester United is an English soccer team yet has an owner from the US, players from around the world, and has a restaurant in Jakarta and a store in Singapore is an example of this economic process.

_____13. Huge cities that are not linked up with other urban areas yet provide service to a large area around the city. Examples are Jakarta, Shanghai, Mumbai, and
Mexico City.

_____14. These enormous animal feeding complexes are becoming more and more popular in countries like the
US.  But while they are very efficient they are also quite controversial because of the huge amounts of animal waste produced in one area and the poor quality of life for the animals.

_____15. The nutria, coqui frog, brown snake, and zebra mussel are all examples of ___________.  These living organisms have entered into environments other than their own and have caused serious biological pollution

_____16. Economic activities that do not bring money into an urban area but serve the people and businesses within the urban area.

_____17. Plant foods that are eaten on a regular, often daily basis are known as __________.

_____18. Square watermelons, chickens with extra large chests, and rice types like IR 36 are all examples of what type of food?

_____19. Industries that do not rely on any particular natural resource other than electricity and therefore can be located almost anywhere.  These types of industries can select areas with a high quality of life and attract top employees. It is also the name of a goofy movie about some dance thing in
Texas that Mrs. Duell likes a lot but I think it is rather foolish.

_____20. Most economies of core countries are dominated by service industries rather than factories and farming. This type of economic activity is also known as ___________.

_____21. The human made facilities such as roads, water systems, electricity, shopping malls, etc. that that allow a city to function. It often suffers when cities grow too fast.

_____22. ____________ such as Altria Group, PepsiCo, Nike and Nestle are becoming increasingly dominant in the world’s economy.

_____23. Chinatown in
Chicago is an example of ___________________, which is the clustering (coming together) of businesses for mutual advantage and benefit. The Chinese restaurants benefit from the Chinese grocery and video stores because people who come form outside of
Chinatown to shop for Chinese products will most likely spend a while and end up eating at one of the restaurants.

_____24. Many developing countries like China and Indonesia have many _____________ that are very attractive to foreign businesses because they offer certain privileges, such as tax breaks, to the foreign companies.

_____25. A very good example of the importance of site when building the infrastructure of a city is the _______________.  It is a recent addition to the transportation system of a major city in
Japan.

 Respond to ten of the numbered statements below. Use specific examples from our world as supportive evidence in your responses. Indicate where each of the situations you are writing about is located by placing the number of the question precisely in the correct location(s) on the map provided.  Also state the name of the location (country, city or some other geographic indicator) in your written answer.5 pts each 

1. Explain the difference between an interfaith and intrafaith conflict. Provide a specific example of each.

2. Explain how religions diffuse (relocation and expansion) from their place of origin to other locations.

3. Explain how religion can be a divisive and unifying factor?

4. What are some religious examples of a cultural landscape? Provide at least three and explain the significance of each religious landscape.

5. Select one world religion and describe its origins and main characteristics.

6. What are the three Agricultural Revolutions?

7. Explain the controversy surrounding CAFO’s.

8. Explain the controversy surrounding genetically modified foods.                    

9. Explain the controversy surrounding TNC’s and Maquiladoras.

10. What happens to the value of land as it approaches urban areas and how does this influence the type of farming activity practiced on this land?

11. Explain how the core keeps the periphery from developing in the circular causation model of development. 

12. Explain how Hershey’s, Lipton Tea, and Starbucks each contribute in a way to the core periphery model by using different aspect of the core and periphery in their business.

13. Explain the criteria used to measure levels of development.

14. What factors within periphery countries keep them from developing?

15. Explain how the Age of Continuous Warfare is related to food production and environmental damage.  We did not get to discuss this one but go for it if you think you can figure it out!

16. Describe the negative impact of three invasives.

17. What does it take to become a member of the EU? Describe a country that has met the criteria in the last year and been accepted into the EU and one country that has not met the criteria and still remains outside the EU.

18. What is the difference between a metropolitan area, megacity and megalopolis?

19. Describe the changes taking place in urban areas of the core and periphery?

20. Explain the “Hasselhoff Phenomena” as it relates to culture and politics … seriously – this is a question.

Essay 25 pts 

The world is dynamic.  Presently it seems like the world is going through a period of transition and no one is certain what will define the next stage of history.  What do you think?

In a well developed essay explain what the world will be like in fifty years.  You need to make your predictions based on contemporary global events and trends.  In making your predictions address three topics that we have discussed this year.  For example, you might want to make predictions related to economics, religion and language; or migration, politics, and agriculture.  Be certain to give specific evidence for your predictions based on information related to our world which we have investigated this year.

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